Shipping Abbrivations & Terms


Shipping Terms










CHARTERING ABBREVIATIONS - TERMS & DEFINITIONS









Abbreviations










An abbreviation (from Latin brevis, meaning “short”) is a shortened form of a word or phrase. Usually, but not always, it consists of a letter or group of letters taken from the word or phrase. For example, the word abbreviation can itself be represented by the abbreviation abbr. or abbrev. Before the e-mail, telex was the usual way of communication between ships and people/offices onshore. The cost of sending a telex was based on number of words in the message. In an effort to lower these cost, many abbreviations were introduced.



















AbbreviationMeaning



A






A/HAnchor Handling



A/SAlongSide



AAAlways Afloat



AAAAAlways Afloat Always Accessible



AAPAthe American Association of Port Authorities



AARAAmsterdam-Antwerp-Rotterdam Area



ABSAmerican Bureau of Shipping



ABTAbout



ADCOMAddress Commission



AFFREIGHTMENTThe hiring of a ship in whole or part



AFSPSArrival First Sea Pilot Station 



AFTAt or towards the stern or rear of a ship



AGWAll Going Well



AHLAustralian Hold Ladders



AHTAnchorHandling Tug



ALUALUminium



ANTHAMANTwerp-HAMburg range



APSArrival Pilot Station



ARAGAmsterdam-Rotterdam--Antwerp-Ghent Range



ASPWAny Safe Port in the World



ATDNSHINCAny Time Day or Night Sundays and Holidays Included



ATUTCActual Times Used to Count



B





BBale (cargo capacity)



B S S 1/1Basis 1 port to 1 port



B/NBooking Note



BAFBunker Adjustment Factor. A Fuel Surcharge expressed as a percentage added or subtracted from the freight amount reflecting the movement in the market place price for bunkers.



BALLASTHeavy weight, often sea water, necessary for the stability and safety of a ship which is not carrying cargo.



BBBareboat Hire / Charter



BBHPBare Boat Hire and Purchase option




BBBBefore Breaking Bulk



BDIBoth Dates Inclusive



BEBoth Ends ( Load and discharge ports)



BEAMThe maximum breadth of a ship



BEGBeginning



BENDSBoth Ends (Load & Discharge Ports)



BHPBrake Horse Power



BIBoth Inclusive



BIMCOThe Baltic and International Maritime Council



BL (1)Bale



BL (2)(Bill of Lading) A document signed by the carrier which acts as a receipt and evidence of title to the cargo.



BMBeam



BMMBritish Marine Mutual



BOBBunker On Board



BOFFERBest Offer



Boxeveryday term for container (or boxed vessel)



BrBreadth



Br.ld.Break load



BRGDSBest Regards



BROBBunkers Remaining On Board



BRT / BRZGross tonnage || German previously used for GT - Gross Tonnage as BRT - Brutto Register Tonne or BRZ - Brutto Raumzahl equally Gross tonnage



BSSBasis



BSS 1/1Basis 1 Port to 1 Port



BTBerth Terms



BUNDLINGThis is the assembly of pieces of cargo, secured into one manageable unit. This is a very flexible description, a rule of thumb is to present cargo at a size easily handled by a large (20 tonne) fork lift truck.



BUNKERSName given for vessels Fuel and Diesel Oil supplies (Originates from coal bunkers)



BVBureau Veritas



BWADBrackish Water Arrival Draft



C





C/CsshinC/sshinC



C/PCharterParty



C/XsshinC / ssheX



CAFCurrency adjusting factor (freight)



CAPCondition Assessment Programme



CapCapacity



CBFT (or CFT)Cubic Feet



CBMCubic Meter



Ce TaCenter Tank



CFR (or C&F)Cost and Freight



CFTCubic FeeT



ChemChemical



CHOPTCharterers Option



CHTRSCharterers



CIFCost, Insurance & Freight. Seller pays all these costs to a nominated port or place of discharge.



CIPCarriage and Insurance paid to…..



CIRRCommercial Interest Reference Rate



CLCCivil Liability Convention



COAContract of Affreightment - Owners agree to accept a cost per revenue ton for cargo carried on a specificnumber of voyages.



COACPContract Of Affreightment Charter Party



COBClose of Business



COBLDNClosing Of Business London time



CODCash On Delivery



COGSACarriage of Goods by Sea Act



CONSConsumption



CONTCONTainer



COPCustom Of Port



COWCrude Oil Washing



CP (or C/P)Charter Party



CPDCharterers Pay Dues



CPTCarriage Paid To



CQDCustomary Quick Despatch



CRCurrent Rate



CrCrane



CRNCrane



CROBCargo Remaining on Board



CSTCentiSToke



CTMCash To Master || the Port Agents delivers cash to the master of a ship on arrival. E.g. to pay cash to crew.



CTRContainer Fitted



CUFTCUbicFeeT



CyCylinders



D





D/ADisbursement Account



DAFDelivered At Frontier



DAP / DAPSDays All Purposes (Total days for loading and disch.)



DblDouble



DBL SKINDouBLe SKINned



DCDischarge Capacity



DDDry Dock



DDPDelivered Duty Paid.



DDP/(U)Delivered Duty Paid (Unpaid)



DDUDelivered Duty unpaid.



DELYDELiverY



DEMDemurrage



DEQDelivered Ex Quay



DESDelivered Ex Ship



DESPDESPatch



DETDetention



DHDWTSBEDetpatch Half Demurrage on Working Time Saved Both Ends



DISCHDischarge



DKDeck



DLOSPDropping Last Outwards Sea Pilot 



DNRSAOCLONLDiscountless and Non-Returnable Ship and/or Cargo Lost or Not Lost



DNV-GLDet Norske Veritas - Germanischer Lloyd



DODiesel Oil



DOLSPDropping Off Last Sea Pilot 



DOPDropping Outward Pilot



DOTDepartment Of Transport



DPDynamic Positioning



DPTDePTh



DRAFTThe ships draft - Depth to which a ship is immersed in water. The depth varies according to the design of the ship and will be greater or lesser depending not only on the weight of the ship and everything on board, but also on the density of the water in which the ship is lying.



DRKDerrick



DSVDiving System



DUNNAGEMaterials of various types, often timber or matting, placed among the cargo for separation, and hence protection from damage, for ventilation and, in the case of certain cargoes, to provide space in which the forks of a lift truck may be inserted.



DWAT (or DWT)Deadweight. Weight of cargo, stores and water, i.e. the difference between lightship and loaded displacement.



DYNPOSDynamic Positioning



E





E0Unattended engine room



ECEast Coast



EIUEven If Used.



EIUEven if Used



ELVENTElectric Ventilation



ETAEstimated Time of Arrival



ETCEstimated Time of Completion



ETDExpected Time of Departure



EthEthylene



ETSEstimated Time of Sailing



EXCLEXCLusive



EXWEX Works



F





F.DESP (FD)Free DESPatch



F.DISFree DIScharge



F/NFixing Note



FAFree Alongside



FACFast As Can



FASFree Alongside Ship. Seller delivers goods to appropriate dock or terminal at port of embarkation and buyer covers costs and risks of loading.



FCAFree CArrier



FDFree of Despatch



FDDFreight Demurrage Deadfreight



FDEDANRSAOCLONLFreight Deemed Earned Discountless & Non-Refundable Ship and Or Cargo Lost Or Not Lost



FDISFree Discharge



FEUForty foot container equivalency unit - Standard 40' Container



FHEXFridays/Holidays Excluded



FHINCFridays/Holidays Included



FiFIFire Fighting



FILOFree In/Liner Out. Seafreight with which the shipper pays load costs and the carrier pays for discharge costs.



FIOFree In/Out. Freight booked FIO includes the seafreight,but no loading/discharging costs, i.e. the charterer pays for cost of loading and discharging cargo.



FIOSFree In/Out Stowed. As per FIO, but includes stowage costs.



FIOSLSDFree In/Out Stowed, Lashed, Secured and Dunnaged. As per FIO,but includes cost of lashing securing and dunnaging cargo to Masters satisfaction.



FIOSTFree In/Out and Trimmed. Charterer pays for cost of loading/discharging cargo, including stowage and trimming.



FIOTFree In/Out and Trimmed. As per FIOS but includes trimming - the leveling of bulk cargoes



FITFree In Trimmed



FIWFree in Wagon



FIXINGChartering a Vessel



FLTFull Liner Terms - Shipowner pays to load and discharge the cargo



FMFroM



FMCFederal Maritime Commission - US government agency



FMSFathoms - 6 feet



FOFor Orders



FO (IFO)FuelOil/Intermediate FO



FOBFree on Board. Seller sees the goods "over the ship's rail" on to the ship which is arranged and paid for by the buyer



FOFFERFirm Offer



FOGFor Our Guidance



FOQFree On Quay



FORFree On Rail



FORCE MAJEUREClause limiting responsibilities of the charterers, shippers and receivers due to events beyond their control.



FOTFree On Truck



FOW (1)First Open Water



FOW (2)Free On Wharf



FPSOFloating Production Storage and Offloading unit



Fr. wa.Fresh water



Free Ex InsFREE of any EXtra INSurance (Owners)



FREE OUTFree of discharge costs to Owners



FTDFiTted



FWADFresh water Arrival Draft



FWDDFresh Water Departure Draft



FYGFor Your Guidance



FYIFor Your Information



GGrain (cargo capacity)



G





GAGeneral Average



GASBENDGood And Safe (Port) Both ENDs



GD/GDGDynia/GDansk



GENSGENeralS or general cargo



GEOROTGEOgraphical ROTation



GLS / GlessGearless



GMDSSGlobal Maritime Distress Safety System



GMTGreenwich Mean Time or United Kingdom time zone



GN (or GR)Grain (capacity)



GNCNGencon - a standard BIMCO charter party form



GNSGerman North Sea



GOGas Oil



GRGrain



GRDGeared



GRTGross Registered Tonnage



GSBGood Safe Berth



GSPGood Safe Port



GTEEGuarantee



H





HAHAtch



HBFHarmless Bulk Fertilizer



HDLTSBENDSHalf Despatch Lay Time Saved Both Ends



HDWTSHalf Demurrage Weather Time Saved



HDWTSHalf Despatch Working Time Saved



HELDKHELicopter DecK



HHDWHandy Heavy d.w. (scrap)



HMSHeavy Metal Scraps



HOCargo HOld



HRHouR



HRSHouRS



HVHeaVy



HVFLHeaVy Fuel



HWHigh Water



I





I.W.L.Institute Warranty Limits



IFOIntermediate Fuel Oil



IMDGInternational Maritime Dangerous Goods Code



IMOInternational Maritime Organisation



INDIndication



INTERMODALCarriage of a commodity by different modes of transport, i.e. sea, road, rail and air within a single journey.



ISM(C)International Safety Management Code



ITFInternational Transport Federation - international body that regulates crewing of ships



IUIf Used



IUATUTCIf Used, Actual Time Used To Count



IUHATUTCIf Used, Half Actual Time Used To Count



IWLInstitute Warranty Limits



KMCcargo refrigerating system



KNKnots | Speed per hour



KTMKeel To top of Mast



KNTSKnots / speed per hour



L





L.S.LumpSum.



L.T.Liner Terms



LANE METERA method of measuring the space capacity of Ro/Ro ships whereby each unit of space (Linear Meter) is represented width.



LASHLight Aboard SHip



LASH (1)To hold goods in position by use of Ropes, Wires, Chains or Straps etc.



LASH (2)Lighter Aboard Ship - a vessel that loads small barges direct from the water



LATLATitude



LAYCANLAYday CANcelling date



LCLoading Capacity



LCRLowest Current Rate



LDNLaDeN



LGTLenGThened



LNGLiquefied Natural Gas



Lo HoLower Hold



LOALength Overall of the vessel



LOFLloyd’s Open Form



LOILetter Of Indemnity.



LOILetter of Intent \ Precontractual stage



LOLOLift On Lift Off ship



LOWLast Open Water



LPGLiquefied Petroleum Gas



LPSLumPSum



LR1 TankerLong Range Tanker | abt dwt 55,000 to abt dwt 79,999



LR2 TankerLong Range Tanker | abt dwt 80,000 to abt dwt 159,999



LR TankerLong Range Tanker | abt dwt 55,000 to abt dwt 159,999 



LRLloyds Register of Shipping



LRLarge Range



LS (or LUMPS)Lumpsum



LSDLashed Secured Dunnaged



LTLiner Terms



LT (LTONS)Long TONS.



LWLow Water



LYCNLaycan (Layday Cancelling Date)



M





m/rMates receipt



MR1 TankerMedium Range Tanker | abt dwt 30,000 to abt dwt 44,999 



MR2 TankerMedium Range Tanker | abt dwt 45,000 to abt dwt 54,999 



MR TankerMedium Range Tanker | abt dwt 30,000 to abt dwt 54,999 



M/VMotor Vessel



M/TMotor Tanker



MBMerchant Broker



MDO (DO)Marine Diesel Oil



MDWTMetric DeadWeight tons



MIN/MAXMinimum/Maximum (cargo quantity)



MOManaging Owner



MODUMobile Offshore Drilling Units



MOLCHOPMore Or Less CHarterers OPtion



MOLCHOPTMore or Less Charterers Option



MOLOOMore Or Less Owners (Masters) Option



MONMONitors (fire)



MOTMinistry Of Transpory



MOTMonthly OverTime



MRMedium Range



MTMetric Tonne (i.e. 1,000 kilos / 2204.6lbs)



MTONSMetric Tonnes



N





n.E.not East of



n.N.not North of



n.Snot South of



n.Wnot West of



NAABSANot Always Afloat But Safely Aground



NCBNational Cargo Bureau



NCSNorwegian Continental Shelf



NESTINGImplies that cargo is presented stacked in the contour of similarly shaped cargo, it may be likened to a stack of plates.



NISNorwegian International Shipsregister



NKNippon Kaiji Kyokai



NMDNorwegian Maritime Directorate



NOKUS – companyNOrsk Kontrollert Utenlandsk Selskap - Norwegian controlled foreign company in lowtax country



NON-REVERSIBLE (Detention) If loading completed sooner than expected, then saved days will not be added to discharge time allowed.



NORNotice Of Readiness



NRTNet Registered Tonnage



NYPENew York Produce Exchange



O





o.a.Over All



OAOver Aged



OBOOil Bulk Ore



OILRECOIL RECovery



ONWONWards



OOOwners Option



OPOPerator



OPA 90The US Oil Pollution Act of 1990



OSHOpen SHelter deck



OTOn Truck



OWOWners



OWSOwners



P





P & IProtection & Indemnity



P.P.PerPendicular



P/EPurchase Enquiry



PASTUSPast Us



PaxPassenger Vessel



PCPeriod of Charter



PCGOPart Cargo



PCTPercent



PDPRPer Day Pro Rata



PERDIEMPer Diem - By the Day



PGHPer Geard Hatch



PHPDPer Hatch Per Day



POT (able)POTable water



PPTPromPT



PRATIQUELicense or permission to use a port



PSVPlattform Supply Vessel



PUPUmps



PWHPer Workable Hatch



PWWDPer Weather Working day



R





RCVRReceivers



REEFRefrigerated



REVERSIBLE (Detention) If loading completed sooner than expected at load port, then days saved can be added to discharge operations.



RGDSRegards



RGERange



RNRRate Not Reported



ROBRemaining On Board



ROCReference Our Cable….(date)



RORORoll On Roll Off ship



ROTLXReference Our TeLeX …(date)



RPMRevs. Per Minute



RTRevenue Tonne || (i.e. 1.0 metric Tonne or 1.0 cubic meter, whichever greater). The overall RT is calculated on a line by line basis of the Packing List using the largest amount. The overall freight liability is calculated on the total RT amount, multiplied by the freight rate.



RYCReference Your Cable…(date)



RYTLXReference Your TeLeX…(date)



S





2HSecond Half



S&PSales and Purchase of Ships



S.THR.Side Thruster



S/R B/LSigning and Releasing Bill(s) of Lading



SATPMSaturday P.M.



SATSHEXSATurdays, Sundays, Holidays Excepted



SATSHINCSATurdays, Sundays, Holidays INCluded



SBSafe Berth



SBMSoya Bean Meal



SBSSafe Berth



SBTSegregated Ballast Tanks



SD (or SID)Single Decker



SEAFREIGHTCosts charged for transporting goods over the sea. This does not cover any haulage or loading/discharging costs but the sea transport only.



SELFDSelf Discharging



SELFDISCHSelfDischarger



SFSuperficial Feet



SFStowage factor. Cubic space occupied by one ton (2,240 lbs/1,000 kgs) of cargo.



SHEXSundays, Holidays EXcepted



SHEXSundays/Holidays Excluded



SHINCSundays/Holidays Included



SIDSingle Deck



SKIDSAre bearers (timber or steel) positioned under cargo to enable fork lift handling at port, and for ease of rigging and lashing on board ship.



SLBale (capacity)



SLPTASLop TAnks



SOCShipper Owned Container



SOFStatement Of Facts



SOMSwedish Official Measure



SPSafe Port



SPBSt. PetersBurg



SRBLSigning and Releasing Bill of Lading



SSSpecial Survey | Class



SS / DDSpecial Survey and Dry Dock | Class



SS and CSame Sea and Country coast



SSHEXSaturdays, Sundays, Holidays EXcepted



SSHEX (or SATSHEX)Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Excluded



SSHINCSaturdays, Sundays, Holidays INCluded



SSHINC (or SATSHINC)Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Included



STShort Tons.



STABILITYIt is paramount that a vessel is stable in all respects at all times. When cargo is loaded/discharged, the stability is monitored by a computer, which takes into vessel.



STARBOARDRight side of a ship when facing the bow



STEMSubject To Enough Merchandise



STEMSubject To Enough Merchandise (Availability of Cargo)



STERNThe aft part of a ship



SUBSubject (to)



SUPERCARGOPerson employed by a ship owner, shipping company, charterer of a ship or shipper of goods to supervise cargo handling operations. Often called a port captain.



SWADSalt Water Arrival Draft



SWDDSalt Water Departure Draft



T





TATAnks



TBNTo Be Named



TBRTo Be Renamed



TCTime Charter - Owners agree to hire a particular ship for a set length of time



TCPTime Charter Party



TCTTime Charter Trip



TEUTwenty Foot Equivalency Unit - Standard 20' Container



THCTerminal Handling Cost or Charges



THRTHRuster



TIPTaking Inward Pilot



TLTotal Loss



TOBENATo Be Named



TOPTaking Outward Pilot



TSTonS



TTLToTaL



TWTween Decker



U






UKCSUnited Kingdom Continental Shelf



ULCCUltra Large Crude Carrier | 320,000 to dwt 549,999



USCUnless Sooner Commenced



UTCUniversal Time Coordinated || Time Zone Greenwich Meantime | London UK Time



UUUnless Used



UUUnless Used If Used Actual Time Used To Count



UUIUATUTC




UUIWCTAUTCUnless Used In Which Case Time Actually Used To Count.



V





VEGVEGetable oil



VLCCVery Large Crude Carrier | dwt 160,000 to 319,999



VPDVessel Pays Dues



VSLVessel



W





WAWAter



WCWest Coast



WCCONWhether Custom Cleared Or Not



WCCONWhether Customs Cleared Or Not



WIBONWhether In Berth Or Not



WIFPONWhether In Free Pratique or not



WIPONWhether In Port Or Not



WITAWIng TAnk



WLTOHC (distance)Water Line-To-Hatch Coaming



WOGWithout Guarantee



Working Copy(Copy of Charter Party – not being signed and may contain unchecked errors



WPWeather Permitting



WPDWeather Permitting Day



WRDWide Range Destillate



WRICWire Rods in Coils



WWDWeather Working Days



WWRWhen, Where Ready



WWWWWibon Wccon Wifpon Wipon



X






X/CssheX / sshinC



X/XssheX / ssheX



Y





YARYork Antwerp Rules



YCYour Cable



Z






ZUTCUniversal Time Coordinated || Prior to 1972, this time was called Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) but is now referred to as Coordinated Universal Time or Universal Time Coordinated (UTC). It is a coordinated time scale, maintained by the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM). It is also known as "Z time" or "Zulu Time".